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Possible error in ebXML MSG 2.0 xsd schema?



I am trying to validate incoming soap-envelopes using .NET to see if they conform to this schema:




However, I get errors when trying to load the schema. I use this code to load and compile the schema (in C#):


      XmlSchemaSet schemaSet = new XmlSchemaSet();


      XmlReaderSettings settings = new XmlReaderSettings();

      settings.ProhibitDtd = false;


      schemaSet.Add(@"http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#", XmlReader.Create(@"http://www.w3.org/TR/xmldsig-core/xmldsig-core-schema.xsd", settings));

      schemaSet.Add(@"http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace", XmlReader.Create(@"http://www.w3.org/2001/03/xml.xsd", settings));

      schemaSet.Add(@"http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/ebxml-msg/schema/msg-header-2_0.xsd", @"http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/ebxml-msg/schema/msg-header-2_0.xsd");




I get this error:


"Wildcard '##other' allows element 'http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#:Reference', and causes the content model to become ambiguous. A content model must be formed such that during validation of an element information item sequence, the particle contained directly, indirectly or implicitly therein with which to attempt to validate each item in the sequence in turn can be uniquely determined without examining the content or attributes of that item, and without any information about the items in the remainder of the sequence."


To rule out a bug I .NET I also tried using Altova:s xml parser (http://www.altova.com/altovaxml.html) with the same result.


The problem lies in line 129 in msg-header-2_0.xsd:


           <!-- ACKNOWLEDGMENT, for use in soap:Header element -->

           <element name="Acknowledgment">



                                            <element ref="tns:Timestamp"/>

                                            <element ref="tns:RefToMessageId"/>

                                            <element ref="tns:From" minOccurs="0"/>

                                            <element ref="ds:Reference" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>

           >>>>>>>                          <any namespace="##other" processContents="lax" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>


                                 <attributeGroup ref="tns:headerExtension.grp"/>

                                 <attribute ref="soap:actor"/>




The <any namespace="##other"> tag allows any other element with a namespace other than the target namespace (See http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-0/#ref34). This should mean that the <element ref="ds:Reference"> is not needed since the <any> element includes it.


If I remove the <element ref="ds:Reference"> on line 128 the schema works.


Has anyone else come across this?





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